Indeed, John Wesley himself at a critical point in his ministry took inspiration from Luther’s writing on Romans.
Perhaps no one was more surprised than Luther that some people would disagree with his reading of Scripture, said Anna M.
This 1869 oil painting by German artist Christian Carl August Noack depicts the Colloquy of Marburg, where Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli hotly debated how Christ is present in the Eucharist.
The fight ultimately led to the first split among Protestant reformers.
“My conscience is captive to the Word of God,” Luther declared.
“I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Amen.” World history would look very different without Luther’s defense of Christ’s justification by faith alone, his translation of the Bible into everyday German and his championing of the priesthood of all believers.
Eventually this religious war ended with the Peace of Augsburg, which decreed the religious confession of the local ruler would determine the religious confessions of the people in his land.
“You were that one Hercules who dealt with any trouble that arose anywhere,” Zwingli wrote in 1527 of Luther.
“You would have cleansed the Augean stable, if you had had the images removed, if you had not taught that the body of Christ was supposed to be eaten in the bread.” Luther, if anything, was even more reproachful.
“I wish from my heart Zwingli could be saved, but I fear the contrary; for Christ has said that those who deny him shall be damned,” Luther said upon learning of Zwingli’s death, according to the Table Talk recorded by his students.
Even shared emphasis on Scripture could not prevent the rift.
We don’t need to have uniformity to still have a cohesive society that functions.” Sporadic bloodshed would continue.