At the time, public high schools did not exist in New Hampshire.
The state agreed, and decided to offer permission to every town in the state so that every town could establish public high schools.
The city is in western Sullivan County and is bordered to the west by the Connecticut River, the boundary between New Hampshire and Vermont.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.1 square miles (114.2 km The Sugar River flows from east to west through the center of Claremont and empties into the Connecticut.
Following a lawsuit and a series of landmark decisions, the New Hampshire Supreme Court agreed.
Known as the "Claremont Decision", the suit continues to drive the statewide debate on equitable funding for education, and Claremont continues to play a primary role in this legal challenge.
Large brick factories were built along the stream, including the Sunapee Mills, Monadnock Mills, Claremont Machine Works, Home Mills, Sanford & Rossiter, and Claremont Manufacturing Company.
In March 1989, the Claremont School Board voted to initiate a lawsuit against the State of New Hampshire, claiming that the state's primary reliance upon local property taxes for funding education resulted in inequitable educational opportunities among children around the state and a violation of their constitutional rights.The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.8% from two or more races.Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.The parish was organized in 1771 and chartered by the New Hampshire legislature in 1794 as Union Church Parish.In 1777, when the New Hampshire Grants declared their own sovereignty as the Vermont Republic, Claremont was one of sixteen New Hampshire towns inclined to join them, and made multiple attempts to do so.