Declaration of Independence, painting created by artist John Trumbull in 1818, depicts the moment on June 28, 1776, when the first draft of the Declaration of Independence was presented to the Second Continental Congress.
The document stated the principles for which the Revolutionary War was being fought, which remain fundamental to the nation.
The First Continental Congress, 1774 is a mural at Great Experiment Hall, Cox Corridors, in the U. (Right) A soldier blocks the path of a woman and child, symbolizing the armed occupation that incensed many colonists.
Upon learning that this extra-legal government was amassing stores of weapons in Concord, about 20 miles from Boston, Gage sent a military expedition, April 18, 1775, to seize and destroy all the munitions his men could find.
After much discussion, the delegates resolved to create an army that would represent not just New England, but all of the British colonies on the continent of North America. Originally painted by Robert Edge, the image was engraved by Edward Savage, which shows men gathered in the assembly room of the Pennsylvania State House, presently known as Independence Hall, in Philadelphia.
Completed figures include John Adams, Roger Sherman, James Wilson, and Thomas Jefferson handing a document to John Hancock, president of the Congress.
Now that the fighting had begun, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress looked to the Continental Congress, which convened on May 10 in Philadelphia, for assistance from the other 12 colonies of British America.Many throughout the 13 colonies viewed this act as the most egregious of the Intolerable Acts and feared the British might impose similar laws on each of the rest of the colonies. In response, colonists formed their own alternative government — the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, which controlled the entire colony outside of Boston — and prepared for a possible military confrontation with the forces that occupied the capital. For many colonists, the revolutionary spirit was forged in dialogue with their friends and neighbors.Small gatherings afforded an opportunity to air concerns and share ideas for the best response to increasingly offensive British regulation. The oil canvas depicts delegates from 13 colonies that met in Philadelphia to discuss responses to increased British oppression. Taxation without representation was a major complaint against the royal government.Washington unexpectedly interrupted the meeting and denounced the anonymous address, saying that it had "something so shocking in it that humanity revolts at the idea." In an eloquent and passionate address, Washington was able to diffuse the situation, appealing to their sense of duty and patriotism and placing their "full confidence in the purity of the intentions of Congress." Through his words, Washington not only reaffirmed the significance of civilian control of the military, but may have also saved the fate of American independence. The tradition of service did not end with the conclusion of the Revolutionary War in 1783.
Since its official establishment, June 14, 1775 — more than a year before the Declaration of Independence — the U. Army has played a vital role in the growth and development of the American nation.