Although smart cards are often compared to hard drives, they’re “secured drives with a brain”—they store and process information.Smart cards are storage devices with the core mechanics to facilitate communication with a reader or coupler.Credit card vendors, cellular phone vendors, Unites States and European banks, credit agencies, and debit agencies are examples of organizations that are tailoring smart card applications and procedures geared exclusively to the services they offer and the companies with which they do business.
In addition to physical and manufacturing standards, an increasing number of standards exist for specific vendor applications.
More information about the MAOSCO consortium and the MULTOS operating system for smart cards is available from
The Microsoft Windows for Smart Cards operating system is a component-based architecture that supports multiple card chips and platforms.
Smart cards are a key component of the public key infrastructure (PKI) that Microsoft is integrating into the Windows platform because smart cards enhance software-only solutions, such as client authentication, logon, and secure email.
Smart cards are a point of convergence for public key certificates and associated keys because they: The smart card has become an integral part of the Windows platform because smart cards provide new and desirable features as revolutionary to the computer industry as the introduction of the mouse or CD-ROM One of the newest members of the Windows operating system family, Windows for Smart Cards extends the benefits of the Windows environment to the smart card industry.
For example, the size of a card is covered by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 7810.