When they emerge in the spring in a fairly groggy state, they don't eat for about two to three weeks. That last month prior to denning they're consuming up to 20,000 calories a day.
They will need 50 to 60 pounds of fat to sustain them through the winter months.
According to Patrick Carr, a Wildlife Biologist at the Division, black bears in New Jersey breed at roughly two to three years of age as compared to places such as Montana where the bears are five and six years before they breed.
This is due to the optimal food sources here in New Jersey. Bears that associate food with people may become aggressive and dangerous. If you are at close range, remain standing, avoid direct eye contact. Yell, bang pots, or use an airhorn to scare the bear away.
Black bear prefer to live in dense cover, such as forests, cedar swamps, thickets, brush and clear cuts populated with saplings.
Their choice of home range is determined by the types and availability of food.
They roam throughout the summer in search of food sources.
Females will travel roughly 10 square miles, and males may go up to 50 square miles from home.
American black bear are approximately five feet long and vary in weight.
Their fur is bee-proof and the occasional sting on the nose is well worth the honey they may find.
Bears are omnivores, meaning they eat many different kinds of animal and plant food.
Several bears may share the same territory if there is enough food to go around, but the dominant male will defend his territory fiercely.
Black bears are excellent tree climbers, even as cubs, and use trees to escape danger.
And they will help themselves to seeds in a bird feeder or a squirrel's stash of nuts if they sniff it out.