Tunisia, Mauritania, Egypt, and Niger were all upgraded to hybrid regimes, and Zambia moved up to the flawed democracy category.
In nine countries there was a change in regime type between 20; in four of these there was regression.
The questions are distributed in the five categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation, and political culture.
Each answer is translated to a mark, either 0 or 1, or for the three-answer alternative questions, 0.5.
by Freedom House, and argues for some of the choices made by the team from the Economist Intelligence Unit.
In this comparison, a higher emphasis has been put on the public opinion and attitudes, as measured by surveys, but on the other hand, economic living standard has not been weighted as one criterion of democracy (as seemingly some other investigators Full democracies are nations where civil liberties and basic political freedoms are not only respected, but also reinforced by a political culture conducive to the thriving of democratic principles.
North Korea scored the lowest with 1.08, remaining at the bottom in 167th place, the same as in 20.