"Education among the Greeks was peculiarly calculated for the development of the mind and the body in common.
It is from this point of view that we wish to show the nature and preeminence of gymnastics in their times as compared with our own." Two distinct yet harmonious branches of study claimed the early attention of the youth of ancient Greece.
Architecture and sculpture attained an excellence which no subsequent civilization has reached.Many of the most lifelike groups of marble which remain to us from that time are but copies of the living statues who wrestled or threw the quoit in the public gymnasium.It is worthy of remark, in corroboration of this view, that the department of the fine arts which depended on outline surpassed that which derived its power from coloring and perspective. The statue was the natural result of the imitative faculty surveying the nude human figure in every posture of activity or repose.But the practical application of the sciences to daily use was almost entirely neglected; and inventions and mechanics languished until the far later uprising of the Saxon mind.Yet the whole system of education among the Greeks was peculiarly calculated for the development of the powers of the mind and of the body in common.
We read that Solon, the Athenian lawgiver, first established particular regulations for its government.