The focus of this module is on more typical and widespread types of bullying that affect the lives of many children and that have been labeled as a public health concern by the American Medical Association.School bullying is associated with a host of adjustment difficulties (see Juvonen & Graham, 2014, Sanders & Phye, 2004).For example, repeated encounters with peer hostility or even a single isolated, yet especially painful experience, might lead that victim to ask, "Why me?
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Commonly labeled as peer victimization or peer harassment, school bullying is defined as physical, verbal, or psychological abuse of victims by perpetrators who intend to cause them harm (Olweus, 1993).
The critical features that distinguish bullying from simple conflict between peers are: intentions to cause harm, repeated incidences of harm and an imbalance of power between perpetrator and victim.
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This definition of school bullying does not include more lethal sorts of peer-directed hostilities.