Abbeville was the southern terminus of the Réseau des Bains de Mer, the line to Dompierre-sur-Authie opened on 19 June 1892 and closed on 10 March 1947.
Victor Hugo evoked the trips he made to Abbeville, in his accounts of travel.
Located on the River Somme, it was the capital of Ponthieu. It is located at the head of the Abbeville Canal, and is 45 km (28 mi) northwest of Amiens and approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) from Paris.
It is also 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) as the crow flies from the Bay of Somme and the English Channel.
Abbeville manufactured textiles, and in particular, linens and tablecloths when the Van Robais family created la Manufacture Royale des Rames in 1665; Abbeville has featured as the departure point for Stage 4 of the 2012 Tour de France and the departure point for Stage 1 of the 2011 Tour de Picardie.
The commune has also been on the route of the Grand Prix de la Somme one-day cycle race.