Its alphabet was invented by the monk Mesrob in 406 which was based on a version of nineteenth century Armenian spoken in Istanbul and is used mainly in the Diaspora, and Eastern Armenian, which was based on the Armenian spoken in Yerevan and is used in the ex-Soviet countries and Iran.
This latter dialect was subjected to orthographic reforms during the Soviet era.
The plateau is bordered on the east by Iran, on the west by Asia Minor, on the north by the Transcaucasian plains, and on the south by the Mesopotamian plains.
One and a half million Armenians are dispersed in the Americas.Half of its inhabitants live in the Ararat plain, which constitutes only 10 percent of its territory and includes the capital city of Yerevan.Yerevan houses one-third of the country's population.Armenia is a rugged, volcanic country with rich mineral resources.It is highly prone to earthquakes and occasional droughts. Approximately 3 million people live in the republic of Armenia.
Armenians call themselves hay and identify their homeland not by the term "Armenia" but as Hayastan or Hayasdan.