Many ancient peoples, such as the Egyptians living along the Nile, depended on annual floods and alluvial deposits to replenish the soils they were farming.Alluvial soils are usually nutrient-rich and good for agriculture.Archaeozoology - The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic - In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture's history. Boat grave - A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced "cash") - A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.In Greece it designates the chronological period that preceded the classical period. Such a burial often symbolized the deceased's high status. Canopic vase or jar - A container or small jar used in ancient Egypt to hold the internal organs of a person who had been mummified. In academic, historical, and archaeological circles, A. Dates are determined by a variety of processes, including chemical analyses (as in radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence), data correlation (as in dendrochronology), and a variety of other tests. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1.6 million years ago until 125,000 years ago. - "Abbreviation for the term Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (or simply Anno Domini) which means ""in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ."" Years are counted from the traditionally recognized year of the birth of Jesus. E.)." Absolute Dating - Collective term for techniques that assign specific dates or date ranges, in calendar years, to artifacts and other archaeological finds.In the New World the term refers to a period when permanent settlements were becoming more common and human groups were making the transition from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. Bronze Age - A prehistoric period in the Old World, dating roughly from 3000-1000 B. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. The lids were usually modeled to represent animal-headed gods or the heads of important people.In evolutionary biology, an "archaic" Homo sapien is a hominin (or hominid) who was slightly more primitive than modern humans (Homo sapiens). Bulb of percussion - A small, rounded protrusion on a flake resulting from the blow that separated the flake from its core or another flake. Carbon dating - see Radiocarbon Dating Cardinal Directions - Collective term for the four primary directions: North, South, East, West.
Biological anthropologists deal primarily with the evolution of humans and primates. "Present" is academically defined as the year 1950 (the year when this term was invented).
This is a good way to search for patterns or changes in soil color or plant density (possible indicators of buried features) that may not be visible to a person walking on the ground.
Agora - An open-air place of congregation in an ancient Greek city, generally the public square or marketplace, that served as a political, civic, religious, and commercial center.
It was characterized by large bifaces, particularly hand axes.
This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.
In some instances, however, running water carries away nutrients from exposed soils and creates areas unsuitable for agriculture.