Tabuk became a centre of military activity during the Gulf War as the city faced threats from Iraqi scuds and air attacks.The region is rich in antiquities and archaeological sites such as petroglyphs, inscriptions, forts, palaces, walls, Syrian-Egyptian pilgrimage route, and the remains of the Hejaz Railway line, the main station of which is located in Tabuk.This name may be a reference to 'Tabuka' or 'Tabuk'.If this is true, the town may be as old as Ptolemy's time.Temperatures in the summer are between 26 and 46 °C, while in winter they are between −4 and 18°C, with widespread frosts.
It has been mentioned by several historians and geographers as a town located on the ancient trade route between Yemen and Ash-Sham.), also spelled Tabouk, is the capital city of the Tabuk Region in northwestern Saudi Arabia. It is close to the Jordan–Saudi Arabia border, and houses the largest air force base in Saudi Arabia.Ptolemy mentioned a place by the name 'Tabawa', at the northwestern corner of Arabia.Rainfall in Tabuk Area falls in the winter months from November to March, and precipitation ranges between 50 and 150 mm, with some not uncommon snow every 3–4 years.The boundaries of Tabuk region extends from the Saudi–Jordanian border in the north to the north of Al-Medinah Al-Munawwarah, and from the Red Sea on the west to the Hufa depression in the east.
(830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab world after Algeria.